What does it mean when a Muslim raises the index-fing­er?

Answer: Expressing the unity of Allah.

In Arabic, the index or fore finger is called Musabbiha (مُسَبِّحة), mostly used with the definite article: al-Musabbiha (الْمُسَبِّحة). Some­times also this word is used: al-Sabbāha (السَّبّاحة).

This finger, when a Muslim makes a sign with it (by raising it), symbol­ises the unity of Allah.

 

Let’s dig deeper. You might know the Arabic word Subhāna (سُبْحانَ). The expres­sion “Subhāna Allah” (سُبْحانَ الله) expresses a Muslim’s admira­tion as an exclama­tion of surprise. It is used a lot in the daily life of Muslims. We could translate it as: Praise Allah! Or: Allah be praised!

 

Let’s have a look at another Arabic word derived from the same root: A rosary is called Misbaha (مِسْبَحة) or Subha (سُبْحة). It con­sists of beads on a string, 99 in num­ber, and having a mark after each 33 – with which a Muslim performs the act called al-Tasbīh (التَّسْبِيح) meaning the re­petition of the praises of Allah. Usually Muslims repeat the expressions Subhana Allah and Allāhu ’akbar.