Let’s start with a quiz today: What do the following words and expressions have in common?

1. Libya


2. an old spouse

زوج عجوز
3. Dates hang under(neath) a citadel in Aleppo.بلح تعلق بقلعة حلب
4. all (heavenly bodies) in an orbit; Qur’an; sura al-Anbiya (“the Prophets”); 21:33كل في فلك

You will find the answer at the end of this blog entry.


Our topic today: the possessive pronoun

How do you say: “This car is mine”?
In Arabic, there are no words like mine; yours; hisor hers which we call possessive pronouns in English. There are several ways to express the same meaning. Let’s have a look at a pretty easy and solid solution. You could for example repeat the thing being possessed and add the appropri­ate pronoun suffix.

Here are some examples:

This car is mine.هٰذِهِ السَّيّارةُ سَيَّارَتِي
The book is hers.الْكِتابُ كِتابُها


Now let’s go back to our quiz: Have you ever heard of a palindrome? It describes symmetry by characters. A palindrome is a word, number or phrase which reads the same backward or forward.

For example:

Madam, Bob.
Or: A Toyota’s a Toyota.

In German: Anna; Otto.
Probably the longest German palindrome (single word) is: Retsinakanister (a canister of a greek wine).

And the longst palindrome-sentence: Geist ziert Leben, Mut hegt Siege, Beileid trägt belegbare Reue, Neid dient nie, nun eint Neid die Neuerer, abgelebt gärt die Liebe, Geist geht, umnebelt reizt Sieg.
In Arabic, a palindrome is called: الْقَلْب المُسْتَوي

It comes from the verb قَلَبَ (to turn around; to invert, …). قَلْب grammatically speaking means transposition of letters; reversal, inversion. Andمُستَوٍ means regular; straight.

So try to read our examples in Arabic again: from LEFT to RIGHT 😉


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