You might know the name Hussein, also spelled Hussayn or Hussain. In Arabic, it is written like this: حُسَيْن. It literally means small beauty.
The diminutive in Arabic
Forms like حُسَيْن are called diminutive, so called: تَصْغِير. Diminutives are used for Arabic names and are common in Arabic.
Some patterns and examples.
Derived from a اِسْم that consists in total of three letters (here, as always, we don’t mean 3 root letters)
Notice: Also adverbs of place or time follow this pattern: قَبْلَ – قُبَيْلَ (shortly before) and بَعْدَ – بُعَيْدَ (shortly after)
When the original noun consists in total of four letters (again, we don’t mean 4 root letters!)
They have a ة and follow the rules of number 2.
If the original noun is feminine but does not have a ة, the diminutive will take a ة (e.g. market)
This pattern is used when the original اِسْم is of this form: The second letter of the اِسْم is followed by a long vowel.
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Picture credit: Image by Gerd Altmann from Pixabay