The longest word in the Qur'an and trivia
Okay, to be more correct: “fa’asqaynākumūhu” (فَأَسْقَيْنَاكُمُوهُ) is not a word, it is actually the longest chain of letters.
Semitic languages work differently
Arabic is a Semitic language. It works very different compared to English or French. There is actually only little use in looking for the shortest or longest word because most words have a root consisting of three letters.
You can add vowels, pre- and suffixes, and put the root into several patterns. Notice that in Arabic, the above-mentioned “word” is actually a whole sentence.
Anyway it is interesting to have a look at the word: فَأَسْقَيْنَاكُمُوهُ. It consists of 11 letters and is found in sura 15 The Rocky Tract – in Arabic: al-Hijr (سُورة الْحِجْر):
The “longest word” in the Qur’an
The words of Sura 15:22
وَأَرْسَلْنَا الرِّيَاحَ لَوَاقِحَ فَأَنزَلْنَا مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً فَأَسْقَيْنَاكُمُوهُ وَمَا أَنتُمْ لَهُ بِخَازِنِينَ
We send the winds to fertilise, and We bring down water from the sky for you to drink – you do not control its sources.
|so, thus (particle)||فَ|
|to give to drink (past tense); irrigate||أَسْقَى|
|we gave to drink||أَسْقَيْنا|
|you (indirect object)||كُم|
|it (direct object)||هُ|
Other interesting facts about the Qur’an
How many words are there in the Qur’an?
Answer: Most scholars say 77,429 words. It is not clear how to count them. In the Qur’an, at the beginning of some suras, you will find strange combinations of letters which do not have a meaning; at least we don’t know them. They are called al-Muqatta‘āt (الْمُقَطَّعات).
Some more statistics – please note that some people count several aspects differently, but the order of magnitude is of course the same.
- Number of suras: 114
- Number of verses: 6,236
- Number of dots in Qur’an: 1,015.030
- Number of letters: 323,671
- Most common word: from (مِن); it occurs 2,763 times
What kind of things are mentioned in the Qur’an?
- 16 places, cities or countries
- 15 names of things that can be eaten or drunk
- 7 colours
- 1 month – Ramadan (رَمَضان)
- 1 woman – Maryam (Mary)