It is very difficult to find stuff in Classical Arabic online. There is religious stuff, yes, but if you are more into TV series à la Netflix, it sounds like wishful thinking. No contemporary TV drama will be filmed in Classical Arabic.

TV drama Omar

However, there is at least one professional TV series (مُسَلْسَل) in Classical Arabic with very good English subtitles – which makes it a perfect tool for studying Arabic.

It is called Omar and is about the life of Umar ibn al-Khattāb (عُمَر بن الْخَطّاب), the second Caliph of Islam. The TV series – consisting of 30 episodes – recounts details from his life until the moments of his death. The series starts with one of the pilgrimage of caliph Umar where he delivers speeches to the pilgrims.

TV_Series_Omar
TV-Series Omar

How to watch it

Omar was first shown in summer 2012 during Ramadan. After that the TV series was subtitled in English on YouTube! It used to be possible to watch it for free on the official MBC channel – however, it is not possible anymore. I have no idea why MBC does not allow it anymore.

Watch it on VIMEO for free Click on this LINK to watch it online on Vimeo!

Who was Omar al-Khattab (عُمَر بن الْخَطّاب)?

Born: between 583 and 590 (~ 35 BH) in Mecca

Died: 644 (23 AH) in Medina

Umar (Omar) was the second Caliph of the Rightly Guided Caliphs, the so-called al-Rashidun (الرَّاشِدُون). He was the first to introduce the Hijri calendar and the first who awar­ded prizes for memorising the Qur’an.

Ac­cording to Sunni Muslims, ‘Umar is the second greatest of the com­panions af­ter ’Abū Bakr. He was taught wrestling and horsemanship. ‘Umar was a trader at the market of ‘Ukāz (عُكاظ) not far from Mecca. He was one of the richest men in Mecca. In the summer he would travel north – in Arabic: al-Shām (الشّام) – and in the winter, he would go to Yemen.

Like many others in Mecca, ‘Umar initially opposed Islam and even threatened to kill the Prophet. Eventually he went to Muhammad with the same sword with which he intend­ed to kill him, and accepted Islam at the age of 39.

This was in the year 616 (6 BH). It was narrated by ‘Uqba ibn ‘Āmir (عُقْبة بن عامِر) that the Prophet said: “If there were to be a prophet after me, then it would have been ‘Umar ibn al-Khat­tāb.”

Source: Jāmi‘ al-Tirmidhī 4050 (3686); hasan; AND: ’Ahmad ibn Hanbal (17405)

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ: لَوْ كَانَ بَعْدِي نَبِيٌّ لَكَانَ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ

What is he famous for?

‘Umar ibn al-Khattāb (عُمَر بن الْخَطّاب) was the first judge in Islam.

The Qādī (الْقاضِي) is a Muslim judge who decides according to the Sharī‘a, the derived law of Islam. It is debatable if the Prophet himself counts when we talk about the first Qādī, because Muhammad, of course, also acted as a judge.

The first Caliph after Muhammad’s death, ’Abū Bakr (أَبُو بَكْر), had put ‘Umar ibn al-Khattāb in charge of the judiciary and appointed him as Qādī. However, ’Abū Bakr still supervised the jurisprud­ence.

Only when ‘Umar himself became Caliph, jurispru­dence was formally integrated into the Islamic state. ‘Umar did not want to personally judge every dispute. On several occasions in Islamic history, the Caliph himself appeared before the judge to defend himself in a dis­pute.

‘Umar was also the first Caliph to fix salaries for judges (which were high). He founded the first “police force” in Islamic history and separated them from the judiciary. ‘Umar bought five houses in Mecca and used them as prisons. Punish­ment by exile was intro­duced by ‘Umar for the first time. It is said that he exiled a man to an island – as punish­ment for drinking alcohol.

His son and alcohol (punishment)

Since ‘Umar was very familiar with the Islamic laws, he occasion­ally also pronounced the ver­dict. Imam Mālik recorded the following Hadith: ‘Umar ibn al-Khattāb came out to the people. He said: “I have found the smell of wine on so-and-so, and he claimed that it was the drink of boiled fruit juice, and I am inquiring about what he has drunk. If it intoxicates, I will flog him.”

‘Umar then flogged the accused person with the Hadd punish­ment [most probably 80 lashes]. It is not clear if the man, who was punished by the Caliph, as legend has it, was ‘Umar’s own son ’Abū Shahma (أَبُو شَحْمة). There are a lot of stories indicating that ‘Umar punished his son for drinking alcohol with 80 lashes. The lashes were so severe that he died.

Muslims like to use this story as evidence that the first Muslims did not favour any­body – they just ruled according to Islamic laws.

Military achievements

He defeated the Sasanians, the rulers over Persia. This victory made it possible to conquest Persia in fewer than two years. The Sas­anian imperial dynasty was the last Persian Empire before the rise of Islam, ruled by and named after the Sasanian dyn­asty which lasted from 224 to 651.

His most fam­ous sword was named Dhū al-Wishāh (ذُو الْوِشاح). The word al-Wishāh means strings of pearls and jewels.

The Sasanian Empire was a leading world power along with its rival, the Roman-Byzantine Empire, for more than 400 years. At its peak, the Empire stretched from Egypt, Yemen, the Cau­casus, all the way to Cent­ral Asia (today’s Afghanistan). Most people in Persia believed in Zoroastri­anism.

In addition, Jerusalem and the al-Aqsā-mosque – also known as The Third of the Two Sanctuaries, Thālith al-Haramayn (ثالِث الْحَرَمَيْن) in Arabic – came under Islamic rule for the first time during ‘Umar’s reign.

Famous quote by Omar al-Khattab

“We are a nation whom Allah has honoured with Islam, if we seek the honour in other than it, Allah will humili­ate us (again).”

Omar al-Khattab, second caliph

According to a Hadith (al-Mustadrak ‘ala al-Sahīhayn 214): نَحْنُ قَوْم أَعَزَّنا اللّه بِالْإسلام فَإِنْ اِبْتَغَيْنا الْعِزّة بِغَيْرِهِ أَذَلّنا اللَّه

Omar was on the way to Syria and was accompanied by ’Abū ‘Ubayda (أَبُو عُبَيْدة), a companion of Muhammad. When they arrived at a creek ‘Umar dismoun­ted from his camel, took off his sandals and placed them over his shoulder, and then led the camel through the creek.

’Abū ‘Ubayda asked: “O commander of the faithful, are you [really] do­ing this? You have taken off your san­dals and placed them on your back and you led the camel through the creek yourself. I do not think it will be easy for me to get the people of this country to honour you.

Omar said: “If only someone else had said this, O ’Abū ‘Ubayda! I have made this a deterrent for the nation of Muhammad. Verily, we were a disgraceful people and Allah honoured us with Islam, so if we seek honour from other than Islam, then Allah will humiliate us (again).”

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Note: Historians sometimes refer to him as ‘Umar I because another Caliph, ruling much later in the Umayyad dynasty, i.e. ‘Umar II, bore the same name.

Death of Omar, the second Caliph

The second, Caliph ‘Umar (عُمَر بن الْخَطّاب), was assassinated in 644 (23 H) by Persians in response to the Muslim conquest of Persia. He was stabbed while praying in the Prophet’s Mosque (الْمَسْجِد النَّبَوِيّ) in Medina and died three days later.

The murderer was a Sasanian soldier, Piruz Nahavandi (Farsi: پیروز نهاوندی‎‎), known in Arabic as ’Abū Lu’lu’a (أَبُو لُؤْلُؤة‎), literally father of the pearl.

The Sasanian Empire was the last Persian empire before the rise of Islam. When the Muslim army of ‘Umar defeated the Sasani­ans, Piruz was captured and sold as a slave to the tribe of al-Mughīra ibn Shu‘ba (الْمُغِيرة بن شُعْبة).

Religion of the murderer

There is a lot of contradictory information about the religion of the murderer. The Persian historian al-Tabarī (ّالطَّبَرِي) de­scribed Nahavandi as a Christian, while others claim that he was an infidel espe­cially because Nahavandi had been referred to with the epithet al-Majūsī (الْمَجُوسِيّ), indicating Zoroastrian beliefs. The Arabic word Majūs (مَجُوسِ) means Zoroastrianism (Mazdaism).

Sunni Muslims claim that he was a Shia Muslim. This led to rumours that Nahavandi was buried in Kashan (Per­sian: کاشان‎‎) in the province of Isfahan where he had fled to after the assassination of the Caliph. According to other sources, however, Nahavandi is buried in Medina.

Omar on names

The second Caliph in Islam, ‘Umar ibn al-Khattāb (عُمَر بن الْخَطّاب), called upon the Arabs to say their name and not their origin as poor Bedouins used to do when someone asked them where they were from.

What did the Caliph mean by name? The Caliph meant the name of the family, the name of the clan or tribe. In Arabic cul­ture, until today, the name of the family or clan bears a lot of informa­tion about the person: his wealth, power, courage, hospitality, etc.


Last updated: Aug 3, 2019 @ 12:11

Picture credit: Image by Firas Alkaheel from Pixabay

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8 comments
  1. Any availability of Arabic subtitles /transcript for the Omar series. It is wonderful for listening practice even with English sun’s. But Arabic subs /transcript would make perfect study materials. If someone had in in with the producers or Network, they might be willing to help as they probably see it as a vehicle for mass education.

  2. The series Project MC2 on Netflix has Modern Standard Arabic dubbing and English subtitles, as does the series “Free Rein”.

    If you are an Arabic learner and would like to connect with another Arabic learner, feel free to add me on facebook. Search for Ruth Minkov. 🙂

  3. Any other sources for learning arabic through subtitles?
    i found some anime and there are plenty of movies subtitled on youtube but i need more (not movies) Anyone who can help?

  4. Thanks for the info. I would like to the show black crows with english subtitles. However, not speaking any arabic, it’s kind of hard to find them in youtube. Are they there yet? Could you help by posting direct links?

Any thoughts or ideas about this? Leave a reply!

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